Shaman stone in the source of the river Angara


The shaman-stone is a reserved rock at Lake Baikal at the source of the Angara River, near the village of Listvyanka. The nature monument of the Pribaikalsky National Park is the permanent attraction of Lake Baikal.

It is located 800 meters below the ferry line across Lake Baikal "Port Baikal - Listvyanka" (between the Cape Ustiansky and Slingshot), in the middle of the Angara River, about 500 meters from both banks.

Worship and the legend of the Shaman Stone on Lake Baikal.
From antiquity, the Shaman stone on Lake Baikal, near the village of Listvyanka, was endowed with an unusual power. According to the beliefs of the Buryats - inhabitants of Priangarie on Lake Baikal, the Shaman-stone was the habitat of the owner of the Angara River, Ama Sagan Noyon. Here they prayed and conducted important shaman rites. They also brought a criminal and left him on a stone, and if at night he was not washed off the waters of Lake Baikal, the criminal was acquitted.

The legend about this rock (on Lake Baikal) says that Father Baikal wanted to give his daughter, the beautiful Angara, to marry a young warrior named Irkut. But Angara fell in love with another hero, the Yenisei, and ran off to him. An angry father threw a huge rock after his daughter - the Shaman Stone, which fell at the mouth of the Angara River and now the visiting guests at Lake Baikal can see only its upper part, visible above the surface of Lake Baikal.

Anthropogenic impact on Lake Baikal
After the construction of the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Plant, the water level in the Angara source at Lake Baikal has risen and now, in good weather, you can only see the top of the Shaman-stone rock, which protrudes 1-1.5 meters from the water.

Hydroenergoproekt engineers proposed destroying the rock on Lake Baikal with a directional explosion, creating a breakout at the source of the Angara River, as the Shaman stone on Lake Baikal at the source of the Angara River limits the volume of its flow and the reservoir drainage horizon. This restriction affects the throughput of the source and, consequently, the water discharge of the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Plant, especially at low levels of Lake Baikal. The creation of a 25 m deep hole would allow for about 4 cubic meters of water to be sent to the Angara River in 4 years. km of water and generate an additional 36 billion kWh. At the same time, the useful volume of the Angara river’s reservoir would increase, allowing for long-term regulation of water flow. However, in subsequent years it was supposed to restore the initial level of Lake Baikal, reducing the flow of water through hydroelectric power plants. Taking into account the commissioning of new power plants in the Angarsk cascade, this would lead to a loss in power generation exceeding the initial gain. In addition, lowering the water level of Lake Baikal would cause significant damage to the environment, agriculture and fisheries.

Due to these shortcomings, as well as public protests in defense of Lake Baikal, this project remained unfulfilled. Siberian scientists and writers published in October 1958 an open letter of protest "In Defense of Lake Baikal" in the Literary Gazette.

When visiting Lake Baikal, it is imperative to visit this historical landmark, as well as Olkhon Island or Listvyanka village on Lake Baikal.