Near the island of Olkhon on Lake Baikal is the mysterious island of Ogoy. Ogoy Island got its name from the Buryat word Uhagui, which means anhydrous. The elongated shape of the island is due to the direction of the current of Lake Baikal, its length is 2.9 km, and the width is 0.6 km.
Ogoy Island on Lake Baikal has a very low diversity of flora and fauna. Flora is represented by grasses and stunted plants, the most numerous representatives of the fauna on the island are ground squirrels, pikas, snakes.
Ogoy Island is located in the center of the Small Sea, next to it is the island of Zamogoi, on which leprosy patients resettled in the past.
In 2005, in the highest part of the island, a Buddhist Stupa of Enlightenment was erected. During construction, under the leadership of the architect Irina Mashitskaya, damage was caused to soil and vegetation on Lake Ogoi of Lake Baikal.
Subsequently, in 2006, the Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, on the island of Ogoy of Lake Baikal, organized a scientific expedition to restore soil and vegetation around the Buddhist stupa on the island of Ogoy of Lake Baikal.
Tatyana Penzina, a senior research fellow at the Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, led the scientific expedition to Baikal Island.
During the expedition, seeds of local plants were planted, and planting work on Lake Baikal was carried out using a modern type of soil developed by specialists of a scientific institute.
After the construction of the Buddhist stupa, on the island of Ogoy, Lake Baikal, in connection with a significant increase in the number of tourists to the island of Ogoy, a new threat to the ecology of the island arose. Over the past time, narrow paths to the monument have been trodden down to the size of full roads.
The construction of the stupa significantly increased the flow of tourists to the island, which subsequently can destroy the unique eco-structure of the island.
In the summer, excursions by boat are organized to the island of Ogoy in Lake Baikal, in winter, by motor transport on the ice of Lake Baikal.
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