Irkutsk Museum of Decembrists
The Irkutsk Historical and Memorial Museum of the Decembrists is two memorial estates located on neighboring streets: the Trubetskoy House Museum (64 Dzerzhinsky St.) and the Volkonsky House Museum (10 Volkonsky Lane) in the historic city center. The museum keeps its annals dated December 29, 1970, although the museum’s collection began to be formed back in 1925. For 30 years, the Decembrists Museum was a department of the Irkutsk Regional Museum of Local Lore. In 2000, the museum received the status of an independent state cultural institution "Irkutsk Regional Historical and Memorial Museum of the Decembrists."
House and manor S.G. Volkonsky is a unique phenomenon in the culture of Irkutsk. The traditions and everyday life of the Volkonsky princely family are represented as accurately as possible recreated by the historic interiors of the house, in which memorial objects of the Volkonsky and Ivasheviev families, Decembrists N.M. Muravyova, M.K. Kuchelbecker, I.I. Pushchina, D.I. Zavalishina, P.G. Kakhovsky, wives of the Decembrists N.D. Fonvizina, M.K. Yushnevskaya. The permanent exhibition tells about the life of the Decembrists in a settlement in Eastern Siberia (1845-1856). The pride of the museum collection is the musical instruments of the Volkonsky family - the pyramidal piano of the late 18th century, the piano "Lichtenhal" in 1831 and the current music box made in Switzerland in the middle of the 19th century. Of particular interest are items from the bead collection, embroidered by Prince. M.N. Volkonskoy, rings of the Volkonsky spouses made of the prince’s shackles, a poplar box belonging to the Volkonskys, a wall mirror of Maria Nikolaevna.
The exposition of the House-Museum of the Princes Trubetskoys is designed to show through the Siberian link Decembrist S.P. Trubetskoy and his family the fate of other Decembrists. The exposition presents the true things of the Trubetskoy family: two chairs, a porcelain vase, a bronze table, "Baikal landscape" and a portrait of A.P. Trubetskoy brush daughter of the Decembrist Alexandra Trubetskoy, travel bag - box with home, toilet and needlework E.I. Trubetskoy, the icon-sheet "Our Lady with the Baby", an air-cover, a wallet, a press room, a box for letters. Visitors can see the memorial books of the Decembrists S.P. Trubetskoy (with an autograph) and P.V. Avramova. It also exhibited memorial items belonging to the Decembrists A.Z. Muravyov, I.I. Gorbachevsky, N.V. Basargin
The Volkonsky House was built in the style of Russian classicism. It was built in 1838 in the village of Urik, Irkutsk province, where, after ten years of hard labor in Transbaikalia (1826-1836), the Volkonsky family was determined to be a settlement. In 1845, having received permission to move to Irkutsk, Sergey Grigoryevich arranged the transportation of his two-story house to a site behind the Transfiguration Church. By 1847, the assembly of the house was completed, and the family was again housed in an expanded and updated house. A distinctive feature of the house is the presence of bay windows on the second floor (five-sided ledges in the wall), designed by the Decembrist N.A. Bestuzhev, and the winter garden on the glazed veranda of the second floor. There are two staircases in the house: the main one - in the center of the house, and the black one, arranged in the courtyard outbuilding. All rooms on each floor are connected by doors and form a circular suite. At the same time, wooden ceilings, according to the Siberian tradition, are free from plaster and whitewash, and high thresholds are more likely characteristic of peasant Siberian dwellings.
The Trubetskoy House was built in the middle of the 19th century in a classical style and received a later decorative design in the spirit of eclecticism. The first restoration of the Trubetskoy house was carried out in 1965-1970. In 1970, the Irkutsk Museum of the Decembrists was opened in this house. In 2006-2011 The second restoration of the house. Its historical appearance was returned to the house: a five-sided bay window decorated with decorative leaves, a full height central risalit (the so-called “false ledge”), semicircular main entrance doors, semicircular window openings on the central risalit, the shutters of the ground floor platbands were recreated, the color scheme of the facade was recreated. All rooms on each floor are connected by doors and form a circular suite. The entire first floor of the house is occupied by the historical interiors of the noble life of the mid-19th century. Landscaping is made in the style of the landscape of the English garden: winding paths, flower beds, elegant wooden benches and swings, as well as a spacious gazebo. Also on the estate are recreated buildings: a mansion, a barn and a stable.
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